- Luke Cooper, If we abandon the ideal of European unity, the only winner will be neoliberalism, OpenDemocracy,
- Yanis Varoufakis, The defeat of Europe - My piece in Le Monde Diplomatique, blog di Varoufakis,
These two articles are to be read together. Not only because they both end up with an appeal for a “European New Deal”. They also clearly show the dynamics of “Non-Europe” which are at present structuring the “European level”, reproducing interest conflicts and power hierarchies among European states. It is not enough to say: “This is NOT what Altiero Spinelli and the others wanted”. This execrable state of affairs effectively prevents further supranational integration, unless the primacy and agency of national governments is safeguarded (i.e., what Habermas calls “executive federalism”). Above all, it is democracy as self-determination and popular sovereignty which is the main loser. So the fight for European democracy must be our primary commitment now – including determined opposition to any project of a purported “further union” which does not boost or enhance European democracy itself.